https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/issue/feed Frontiers of Research in Arts and Management Sciences 2024-04-07T23:27:41+00:00 FRAMS contact@auchipolyjournals.com Open Journal Systems <p>Frontiers of Research in Arts and Management Sciences (FRAMS) is a bi-annual double-blind peer review journal of the Federal Polytechnic Auchi, with ISSN(print): 2814-1555; (Online)2814-1563, and focuses on publishing high quality articles from well-researched contemporary issues in the domains of Arts and Management Sciences.</p> https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/50 CHARACTERIZATION AND EXPERIMENTATION FOR HEAT ENERGY ESTIMATION ON MUNICIPAL WASTE IN AUCHI METROPOLIS NIGERIA 2024-03-14T13:19:12+00:00 S Aliu polytechnics2009@gmail.com P. E Amiolemhen patrick.amiolemhen@uniben.edu O.O. Ogbeide osarobo.ogbeide@uniben.edu <p>Municipal solid waste management and low electric energy supplied are two major problems affecting the development of Auchi metropolis. This work aimed at determination of heat energy from municipal solid waste in Auchi, Nigeria and its potential for electricity generation. Hence, the municipal waste streams was characterized to determine the heating value of the various municipal waste components with Dulong”s formula. Random truck sampling was used according to American Society for Testing and Materials<br>(ASTM) in the collection of waste to the disposal site and characterized into sis (6) parameters; food waste, plastic waste, paper waste, textile waste, garden trimming waste, and wood waste. (2) grams sample of the various municipal waste component were prepared for laboratory experimentation to determine their various chemical composition for the estimation of heat energy. These results to average heating values of 23,600.05kJ/kg on food waste, 21,572.755kJ/kg on plastics waste, 19,230.02 on paper waste, 23,636.54kJ/kg on garden trimming waste, 22,364.72kJ/kg on textile waste, and 35,420.28kJ/kg on wood waste having a total heat energy of 145,831.49kJ/kg in Auchi metropolis. The results show that wood waste have the highest heating value for energy estimation in the metropolis. The study established the heating values for energy potential of the municipal waste components in the area. The<br>results of this research showed that energy recovery is a feasible option as part of an integrated municipal waste management plan in Auchi metropolis, Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/51 CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO) ATTRIBUTES AND FIRM PERFORMANCE 2024-03-14T13:29:08+00:00 Monday Olade IZEVBEKHAI mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com Henry Idowu OHIAFI mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com Mohammed ISAH mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com <p>This study examined Chief Executive Officer (CEO) attributes and firm performance in Nigeria. The broad objective of the study is to examine whether CEO gender, CEO nationality and CEO share ownership affect firm performance of the listed manufacturing. The secondary source of data collection was adopted in the study where the purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample size of thirty-nine (39) listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Ordinary Least Square regression analysis was used in this study and the<br>findings revealed that CEO nationality has no significant effect on firm performance of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria and that CEO share ownership has no significant effect on firm performance of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. The study recommended amongst others that female CEOs should be considered more often, because the results show that they have a positive effect on firm performance and that directors need to be encouraged to consider insiders in the appointment to the position when the need arises.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/52 DETERMINATION OF CALORIFIC VALUES FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AS A POTENTIAL FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK 2024-03-14T13:38:29+00:00 O.F Akpoyibo felixak967@gmail.com O.O. Ogbeide osarobo.ogbeide@uniben.edu S. Aliu polytechnics2009@gmail.com <p>One option of utilizing municipal solid waste is energy recovery. Municipal solid waste management low electric energy supplied is major problems affecting the development of Nigeria. In order to evaluate the feasibility of energy recovery as an integral part of a solid waste management system, it is of great importance to determine the energy content or calorific value (CV) of the solid waste. This work aimed at determination of heat energy from municipal solid waste and its potential for electricity generation. Hence, the municipal waste streams were characterized into four parameters to determine the heating value of the various municipal waste components with Dulong’s model. Predict and optimize the heat energy response using Artificial Neural Network. Solid waste sampling and analysis from the characterized waste components food waste, wood waste, plastic waste, and cotton waste in the Benin municipality were carried out to determine the waste composition and proximate analysis (moisture, content, volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon) according to the random sampling method based on the American society of Testing and Materials (ASTM)<br>standard. (2) Grams sample of the various municipal waste component were prepared for laboratory experimentation for energy estimation. Central composite design matrix version (13.0.5.0) for 30 experimental runs was applied for optimization and prediction of Heat Energy response from with Artificial Neural Network model. The result of the study shows that the Dulong’s model produced calorific value for heat energy of 22,354.7195kJ/kg. While the Central composite design matrix produces Heat Energy value of 29,897.8kJ/kg. A regression plot showing the correlation between the input and output is produced with Rvalues of 97% for the training, 87% for the validation, 98% for testing and 97% for the overall. Reliability was produced to test the networks adequacy a reliability plot of 89.8% was obtained for Artificial Neural Network. As municipal solid waste is a potential energy source, the analysis shows heat values ranging from 10024.1kJ/kg to 29897.8kJ/kg which indicate the feasibility of waste to energy plan to produce electricity. The study established the calorific values for energy potential of the municipal waste components in the area.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/53 GOOD GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2024-03-14T13:49:05+00:00 Sunday Ekoh ekohnaawae67@gmail.com Friday Ledee Phd ledeef8@gmail.com Stephen Onyeanwuna Osakwe steveosakwe1212@gmail.com Chizoba Perpetua Mmadubuko chizyperp@gmail.com <p>This paper examines the relationships between good governance, security and sustainable economic development in Nigeria. It&nbsp; focused on good governance as a key driver to sustainable economic development. Security is tied to both social, political and economic growth and development of a nation. The paper revealed good governance as the panacea for enduring security and sustainable economic development in the country; that despite the various developmental plans, the foreign aids received, the natural resources tapped, Nigeria is still far from being a developed nation because of bad governance. It concluded that to maintain security and attain sustainable economic development in Nigeria, good governance that ensures accountability, transparency, sovereignty, civil liberty and rule of law should be given a place of priority in the society. The paper therefore suggests that governance in Nigeria should bestrengthened, put in place appropriate economic policies to attain the set developmental objectives, such as surveillance and protective service delivery, creation of employment opportunities, and programmes that will enhance the aspirations of the citizens.<br>Government should enforce the rule of law and employ good democratic principles to checkmate the current security challenges that have bedeviled the country.&nbsp;</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/54 PREDICTION OF HEAT ENERGY FOR ELECTRICITY ESTIMATION ON MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK 2024-03-14T14:11:19+00:00 S Aliu polytechnics2009@gmail.com P. E. Amiolemhen patrick.amiolemhen@uniben.edu O.O. Ogbeide osarobo.ogbeide@uniben.edu <p>This work is aimed at prediction of the heat energy from municipal solid waste properties and its potential for electricity generation using artificial neural network statistical tool. Random truck sampling was used according to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the collection of waste to the disposal site and characterized into four (4) parameters; food waste, plastic waste, wood waste, and cotton waste, A sample of the waste was measured for experimental analysis to determine the range of input parameters. Statistical design of experiment (DOE) using central composite design (CCD) matrix version (13.0.5.0) was employed to predict the heating value of each input parameters that will minimize the rate of solid waste disposal and generate heat energy<br>responses using Artificial Neural Network model. Reliability was produced to test the networks adequacy. The central composite design (CCD) matrix predicted heat energy value of 26,102.6kJ/kg. A regression plot showing the correlation between the input and output was produced with R2 values of 97% for the training, 87% for the validation, 98% for testing and 97% for the overall. A reliability plot of 81.7% was obtained for artificial neural network (ANN). The study established the heating values for electricity potential of the municipal solid waste components in the area. The results showed that recovery heat energy for electricity estimation s a feasible option as part of an integrated municipal solid waste management plan in Nigeria.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/56 WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND FIRM VALUE 2024-03-15T01:59:04+00:00 Monday Olade IZEVBEKHAI PhD mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com Henry Idowu OHIAFI mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com Mohammed ISAH mondayizevbekhai75@gmail.com <p>This study examined working capital management and firm value. The specific objectives of the study was to ascertain if receivable period has significant effect on firm value of listed insurance firms in Nigeria and to also examine if payable period has significant effect on firm value of listed insurance firms in Nigeria. The secondary source of data collection was adopted in the study where the purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample size of four (4) listed insurance firms in Nigeria. Ordinary Least Square regression analysis was used in this study and the findings revealed that both payable period and inventory days have significant<br>effect on firm value of listed insurance firms in Nigeria. The study recommended amongst others that insurance firms should emphasize on increasing sales to increase inventory turnover to achieve maintainable competitive advantage through managing inventory to optimal level so as to maximize profitability and that firms in the insurance sectors should put in place measures<br>and strategies that would ensure prompt payment from their customers.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/57 BUSINESS EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA 2024-03-15T02:08:51+00:00 Stephen Onyeanwuna Osakwe steveosakwe1212@gmail.com Sunday Ekoh osakwe.steve@ogharapoly.edu.ng <p>This paper explored the role of Business Education in sustainable development. It is observed that one of the three pillars of&nbsp; development is economic growth and that education, more than any other thing, contributes immensely towards the economic growth of any society. The paper disclosed that the ability of education to promote economic growth depends on its relevance to the needs, values and aspirations of the society it is meant to serve. Business Education as a segment of Vocational and Technical Education encompasses several disciplines. It enables people to think, speak and behave in ways that support the growth, efficiency and effectiveness of an organization or several organizations. This paper examined the means of achieving sustainable national development through Business Education. This implies that education should impact appropriate knowledge, skills, attitudes and<br>competencies needed by the society in order for the products of education to contribute meaningfully to economic development. Finally the challenges of Business Education were identified and a number of recommendations made to tackle them.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/58 PREDICTION OF THE NIGERIAN EXCHANGE RATE USING TIME SERIES ANALYSIS FROM (2000 TO 2020) 2024-03-15T02:20:28+00:00 Adamu Bala adamubalahod@gmail.com Asuelinmen Osoria adamubalahod@gmail.com Isesele Williams Eromosele adamubalahod@gmail.com Abubakar Sadiq Abdukadir adamubalahod@gmail.com <p>Following the initiation of the structural adjustment program me in 1986, which signaled the start of the devaluation of the domestic currency in relation to the US dollar, the exchange rate policy seems to be crucial for the Nigerian economy. The primary aim of the study is to utilize time series analysis to investigate the currency rate of Nigeria from 2000 to 2020. The 2020 statistical bulletin of the Central Bank of Nigeria presented us with the time series data. The model was derived using the ordinary least squares estimation technique. In order to ensure the proper determination of the Naira's value relative to other currencies, it is imperative for the Central Bank of Nigeria to enforce rigorous restrictions on its foreign exchange policy. The Naira's depreciation as a result of unethical bank practices should be looked into, and guilty parties should be reprimanded appropriately. In order to enhance productivity, it is advisable to provide local manufacturers with subsidies, tax holidays, and various other incentives. In order to enhance foreign currency inflow from exports, it is imperative to execute an industrial plan that establishes a strong link between the manufacturing and agriculture sectors.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/59 SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECRETARIAL ADMINISTRATION STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN DELTA STATE 2024-03-15T02:29:27+00:00 Stephen Onyeanwuna Osakwe Steveosakwe1212@gmail.com Akwakporierie Godspower Omokamre godspowerakwakporierie@gmail.com Henry Oghenevwaire Udoro henryudoro91@gmail.com <p>This research sought to determine the socio-economic factors militating against the retrogressive academic performance of secretarial administration students in tertiary institutions in Delta State. This study examined the relationship between these socioeconomic<br>factors and the academic performance of the student. The study adopted the crosssectional survey in its investigation of the variables. Primary source of data was generated through structured questionnaires. The population of the study was 100 students selected<br>randomly from institutions offering the programme in Delta State. A sample of fifty (50) respondents was calculated using the Chi-square formula for sample size determination. The data generate were analyzed with the aid of statistical instrument such as frequency table and simple percentages. It was found that there is a significant relationship between these socioeconomic<br>variables and the academic performance of students in secretarial administration and that students’ attitudes do contribute to their poor performance in their academic performance. The researcher in view of the findings made recommendations that government<br>should aid students with scholarship schemes to enable them overcome the socio-economic factors that may militate against their academic performance and also there should be adequate supply of learning materials and human resources in the system.</p> 2023-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://auchipolyjournals.com/index.php/frams/article/view/74 IMPACT OF FINANCIAL USAGE COMPONENT OF FINANCIAL INCLUSION ON INCLUSIVE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA: DISAGGREGATED APPROACH 2024-04-07T23:19:48+00:00 Momoh Abdulraheem Momohabdulraheem24@gmail.com Michael. E Abinokhauno abinokhaunome@gmail.com <p>The paper examined the impact of the financial usage component (rural loans and rural deposits) in inclusive growth in Nigeria using quarterly time series data from 2010Q1 – 2022Q4. The study relied on secondary data for our analysis which were sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin and National Bureau of Statistics. The study used Gross Domestic Product per Capita (GDPC), Loans/credit to rural dwellers (RLOAN), Rural Deposit (RDEP) and Broad money supply (M2). The Augmented Dicky Fuller (ADF) stationarity test, Johanson cointegration technique and the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS) for the estimation were employed. The result reveals that there is a long-run relationship among the variables. The results further show that all the financial usage component variables of financial inclusion (RLOAN and RDEP) are significant in explaining the variations in GDPC. The study<br>concluded that the financial usage component of financial inclusion (RLOAN and RDEP) has a direct and significant impact on inclusive economic growth in Nigeria. The study therefore recommended among others that financial institutions should improve financial services be made available especially to rural dwellers and the economy as a whole at a reasonable cost and at a reasonably low interest rate to enable them to participate and contribute to national productivity under strict monitoring and evaluation system.</p> 2024-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023